It is helpful if you write a script to create a particular file only if it doesnât already exist. The next one youâll need to learn is to check if a file exists no more. bash: diff says file does not exists - why? H ow do I test existence of a text file in bash running under Unix like operating systems? ... @valentt No hew loop say literally "while NOT file exists do sleep" .. if you would remove the 'NOT' the loop would break instantly â Kenyakorn Ketsombut Jan 29 '15 at 2:30. The syntax is as follows: Active today. Hi all, I use command below Code: if [ -f /mnt/wd/file.txt ]; then echo 'file exists'; else echo 'file does not exist'; fi and it does work fine bash - check if file exists, then perform action if not ... Today, you learned how to check and test if your file exists or not on your Bash! Using the bash test and bash shell test, for short terms, youâll be able to find them! Here is a quick bash tip that might be useful if you need to use inside a bash script a check to see if a wildcard expression of files/folders exists or not. Check if file exists and empty or not empty using double brackets [[..]] /bin/bash - if [[ ! I transfer a file from a remote server to my local server. In this section, we will create a bash script and check whether a file exists or not, by printing a message. So I do this: nano test.sh If this is done I do a diff to check if both files are identical to check if the transfer was successful. Ask Question Asked today. file exists-a. Bash Shell scripting â Check if File Exists or Not March 11, 2017 admin Linux 0 In this post we will see how to write a bash shell script to Check if File Exists or Not. First you are checking if the file does not exist, and if not you are doing nothing. For some operations, you may want to reverse the logic. The command is easy to learn and remember. Active 1 year, 1 month ago. Bash/Shell: Check if file exists (is empty or not empty) To check if the file exists and if it is empty or if it has some content then we use "-s" attribute . Ask Question Asked 10 years, 10 months ago. Viewed 2 times 0. file exists. Test If File Exists in Bash. 2. file is a block device-c. file is a character device Note that if the file to be checked doesnât exist in the current directory and exists in some other directory, the full path of the file should be mentioned instead of only the filename. Lets, create a file named test.sh and check whether a file /etc/rc.local exists or not:. If the file DOES exist you are making a directory (but not doing anything to create the file). You also don't need the null operation, you should be able to simply do: #! 2.1: Method-1: Using single or double brackets. You need to use the test command to check file types and compare values. W ith the help of BASH shell and IF command, it is possible to find out if a file exists or not on the filesystem. While loop to test if a file exists in bash. In this case, the condition will satisfy if the file does not exist, as the returned non zero status (false) will be negated and considered as 0 (true). Typically, testing for a file returns 0 (true) if the file exists, and 1 (false) if the file does not exist. This is identical in effect to -e. It has been "deprecated,"  and its use is discouraged.-f. file is a regular file (not a directory or device file)-s. file is not zero size-d. file is a directory-b. Check if a File Does Not Exist. A conditional expression (also know as âevaluating expressionsâ) can be used by [[compound command and the test ([) builtin commands to test file attributes and perform string and arithmetic comparisons. For example: if [ -e /tmp/*.cache ] then echo "Cache files exist: do something with them" else echo "No cache files..." fi This is using -e (existing file check) that is working fine on individual files. The same command can be used to see if a file exist of not.